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  • Caffeine - An Updated Series (Part II)

    September 24, 2015

    Caffeine - An Updated Series (Part II)   Key Points: 100% bio-availability Water and fat soluble Consumed either intravenously or orally (foods, drinks, capsules) Antagonizes adenosine receptors in the central nervous system Stimulates the central nervous system and neurotransmitter release High variability in response to caffeine  May depend on genetics, exogenous, or endogenous factors   Part II   Caffeine Chemistry & Bioavailability   Figure 1. The molecular structure of caffeine and adenosine.   Caffeine chemistry: Chemical...

  • Caffeine - An Updated Series

    July 28, 2015

    Part I Key Points: Caffeine:  the most widely used naturally occurring substance in the world found in more than 60 plants Food/Drinks containing caffeine:   coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, chocolate/cocoa products Caffeine consumption is common in all parts of the world Coffee originated from Ethiopia (1000-1400 AD) Tea originated from China (750 AD) Cocoa originated from Mexico (1500 BC)   Figure 1. The most common dietary sources of caffeine; coffee, tea and cocoa.    Part I   Caffeine Consumption ...

  • The Health Benefits of Chili Peppers

    June 17, 2014

        The benefits of chili peppers as a condiment in cuisines worldwide have been known for several millennia.  Likely to have been introduced to the rest of the world from South America, chili peppers are now grown in all corners of the world, with more than 200 varieties described.   The active ingredients in chili peppers are a group of chemical compounds known as capsaicinoids, with capsaicin being the main and most studied compound.  Capsaicin gives chili peppers it’s hot taste by binding to heat and pain receptors in the mouth and throat (1).  Stimu...

  • Benefits of Adding Turmeric to Your Diet

    March 05, 2014

    Turmeric is a dark yellow root of the curcuma longa plant, which is native to south Asia.  Turmeric is a relative of the ginger family.  The root can be used fresh or be boiled, dried and ground into a powder (1).  Turmeric is used to flavor food, very popular in curries.  Turmeric is also used as a food colorant in foods such as mustard and cheese.  Because of its antibacterial properties, turmeric is also used as a food preservative (2).     Turmeric is made up of many vitamins (including several B vitamins and Vitamin C, among others) and minerals (such ...

  • Health Benefits of Apples

    January 27, 2014

    (Actual facts report done by 9 year old Zachary Siewert)    “An apple a day keeps the doctor away!” It’s what we’ve heard for generations, and for many of us has always been associated with having great teeth. But have you ever asked yourself “ What are the REAL benefits of apples?” In this day and age, growing apples is very different than even 50 years ago. Farmers were plentiful, and healthy nutritious fruits and vegetables were the norm. But today, with food being turned into such a marketing ploy and moneymaker more than a health concern, w...


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